The Keo Ruug Shrine is located to the right of the Great Deku tree. Once you have entered the Korok Forest and finished the cutscene, go round the Great Deku tree to the right and you will see the shine.
From left to right the orbs go in the following pedestals, 4, 2, 2, 1.
Open the treasure chest to receive the Knight’s Claymore. Collect the spirit orb